Salaries

In six of the provinces and the two territories, basic salary scales and fringe benefits are established through negotiations between the teachers' association and representatives of the government. In some cases, supplementary negotiations take place at the school board level concerning additional fringe benefits and conditions of work. In British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Ontario, all negotiations take place at the local or regional level.

Average Teacher Salaries by Province

  4 Years of Education 6 Years of Education
Minimum Maximum Minimum Maximum
Alberta (2003-04
simple average)
$43,653 $68,967 $48,779 $74,126
British Columbia $37,908 $56,743 $45,506 $70,684
Saskatchewan $38,700 $59,500 $43,570 $66,103
Manitoba $37,948 $58,737 $42,887 $65,310
Ontario $37,043 $62,625 $42,258 $73,472
Quebec $36,196 $58,633 $41,982 $63,527
New Brunswick $33,776 $52,231 $40,482 $62,292
Nova Scotia $35,906 $57,376 $44,168 $67,978
Prince Edward Island $30,341 $46,871 $38,480 $59,657
Newfoundland
& Labrador
$34,838 $45,264 $45,280 $60,212
Yukon $56,717 $83,428 $62,074 $90,663

Alberta teacher salaries are based on agreements in place as of September 2004 – 44 settlements

Ontario teacher salaries are based on the average of elementary and secondary figures

Teachers' salaries increased an average of 2.9% per year between 1999 and 2003, slightly above the 2.7% CPI average annual growth over the same period. These increases reflect a number of retroactive collective agreements. Teachers' salaries had increased by less than 1% per year from 1994 to 1998.

Fringe Benefits:

Fringe benefits provided for in collective agreements may, but do not necessarily, include the following:

  • compassionate leave
  • supplementary medical insurance
  • cumulative sick leave
  • longterm disability insurance
  • maternity leave
  • retirement gratuities
  • sabbatical and study leave
  • life insurance
  • dental insurance

General Social Security

As citizens of Canada, teachers are required to participate in the social security programs of the federal government. These include Unemployment Insurance and the Canada/Quebec Pension Plan. The Unemployment Insurance plan provides benefits to persons who are unemployed through maternity or illness, as well as through general unavailability of suitable work. The Canada/Quebec Pension Plan provides a basic minimum retirement allowance and, in addition, some disability and survivors' benefits.

Teachers also participate in the provincial hospital and medical insurance plans. The costs of these plans are shared by the federal and provincial governments. The plans cover the basic expenses of hospital accommodation and physicians' services. Details of coverage vary from province to province.

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